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语篇研究(英文版)

  • 定价: ¥98
  • ISBN:9787121374456
  • 开 本:16开 平装
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  • 折扣:
  • 出版社:电子工业
  • 页数:224页
  • 作者:王天华//林国丽
  • 立即节省:
  • 2020-01-01 第1版
  • 2020-01-01 第1次印刷
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导语

  

内容提要

  

    语篇分析作为一门学科,开始于20世纪50年代到60年代,发展于20世纪70年代,成熟于20世纪80年代到90年代。进入21世纪,语篇分析在人文社会科学“话语转向”的推动下,已经超越了语言学领域的其他任何一门学科。
    本书共7章,第1章介绍了语篇研究的概况,第2章对语篇研究的历史进行了回顾,第3章介绍了篇章性的文本标准,第4章介绍了语篇的衔接,第5章介绍了语篇的连贯性,第6章介绍了语篇结构,第7章介绍了批评语篇分析。在语篇分析的概况及流派部分中,作者对这一领域的重要学者进行了梳理,对他们在语篇分析领域的主要贡献做了详尽的论述。在篇章性的文本标准这一章,作者介绍了什么是语篇特征、篇章性、篇章,以及衔接与连贯性的概念、意向性、可接受性、信息性、情景性和互文性。在衔接与连贯性这两章中,作者介绍了衔接手段和衔接与连贯性的关系,并从语义、语用及认知的角度分析了连贯问题。在语篇结构这一章,作者介绍了主题结构及主题推进模式、信息结构、会话式语篇结构及会话分析。第7章为批评语篇分析,本章主要介绍批评语篇分析的理论框架、原则、研究内容、方法及批评语篇分析方法等。
    本书旨在对语篇研究领域进行详尽深入的研究,本书是一本语篇分析入门书,也是一本介绍语篇分析核心内容的著作。本书适用于语篇分析的学习者与研究者。

目录

Chapter 1  Coming to Grips with Discourse Analysis
  1.1  Introduction
    1.1.1  Formalism and functionalism
    1.1.2  Anything beyond the sentence
    1.1.3  Discourse: language use
    1.1.4  Discourse: utterances
  1.2  Discourse analysis
    1.2.1  Introduction
    1.2.2  Discourse
    1.2.3  Analysis
  1.3  Terms issue
  1.4  The significance of discourse analysis
    1.4.1  Limitations of sentence grammar
    1.4.2  Understanding the nature of language
    1.4.3  Understanding discourse itself
    1.4.4  Two levels of achievement in discourse analysis
    1.4.5  Summary: some uses of discourse analysis
  1.5  The scope of discourse analysis
  1.6  Principles of discourse analysis
    1.6.1  Introduction and classification
    1.6.2  Principles of discourse analysis:language as social interaction
    1.6.3  Text-linguistic perspectives on discourse
  1.7  Approaches to discourse analysis
    1.7.1  Mchoul
    1.7.2  Schiffrin
  1.8  Research methods in discourse analysis
    1.8.1  Research design (A sample)
    1.8.2  Nature of data
    1.8.3  Sources of discourse data
  1.9  Resources for doing discourse analysis
    1.9.1  Online resources
    1.9.2  Major journals publishing discourse research
Chapter 2  A Historical Overview of Discourse Analysis
  2.1  Historical background
    2.1.1  Plato &Aristotle
    2.1.2  The ancient distinction between grammar (grammatical) and rhetoric (rhetorical)
    2.1.3  The emergence of historical and comparative linguistics at the beginning of the 19th century
    2.1.4  The birth of structural linguistics at the beginning of the 20th century
  2.2  The origins of modern discourse analysis
    2.2.1  Europe
    2.2.2  America
  2.3  The emergence of discourse analysis as a new discipline
    2.3.1  Sociolinguistics
    2.3.2  Philosophy of language or pragmatics
    2.3.3  Text grammar
    2.3.4  Artificial intelligence
    2.3.5  Sociology: American ethnomethodologists
  2.4  The interdisciplinary study of discourse
  2.5  The 1990s
    2.5.1  Shift from structural to functional analysis
    2.5.2  From descriptive to critical analysis
  2.6  Discourse analysis: the state of the art
Chapter 3  Standards of Textuality
  3.1  Texture, textuality, text-ness
  3.2  Cohesion
    3.2.1  Reusing patterns
    3.2.2  Compacting patterns
    3.2.3  Signalling Relations
  3.3  Coherence
    3.3.1  Concept
    3.3.2  Relation
  3.4  Intentionality
    3.4.1  Speech act
    3.4.2  The Cooperative Principle
    3.4.3  Interactive problem-solving
  3.5  Acceptability
  3.6  Informativity
  3.7  Situationality
  3.8  Intertextuality
Chapter 4  Cohesion
  4.1  Introduction
    4.1.1  Text and texture
    4.1.2  Cohesion and cohesive tie
  4.2  Reference
    4.2.1  Phoricity
    4.2.2  Types of reference
  4.3  Substitution
    4.3.1  Substitution and reference
    4.3.2  Types of substitution
  4.4  Ellipsis
    4.4.1  Introduction
    4.4.2  Types of ellipsis
  4.5  Conjunction
    4.5.1  Definition of conjunction
    4.5.2  Types of conjunction
  4.6  Lexical cohesion
    4.6.1  Textual properties of lexical items
    4.6.2  Types of lexical cohesion
  4.7  Cohesive harmony
    4.7.1  Cohesive ties
    4.7.2  Cohesive chains
    4.7.3  Chain interaction
    4.7.4  Cohesive harmony
  4.8  Structural cohesion
    4.8.1  Theme-rheme development
    4.8.2  Given-new organization
  4.9  Phonological cohesion
    4.9.1  Intonation contour served as cohesive device to signal information left unsaid
    4.9.2  Phonological cohesive in literary works
  4.10  Summary of cohesive devices
Chapter 5  Coherence
  5.1  Cohesion and Coherence
    5.1.1  Definitions of cohesion and coherence
    5.1.2  The role of cohesion with respect to coherence
  5.2  Semantic perspectives
    5.2.1  Local coherence
    5.2.2  Global coherence
  5.3  Pragmatics perspectives
    5.3.1  Discourse as sequence of illocutionary acts
    5.3.2  Rhetorical Structure Theory (RST)
  5.4  Cognitive perspectives
    5.4.1  Coherence as a mental phenomenon
    5.4.2  Schema theory and coherence
    5.4.3  Procedural approach to coherence
    5.4.4  Relevance theory
  5.5  Informational Coherence
  5.6  Summary: approaches to coherence
Chapter 6  Discourse Structure
  6.1  Thematic structure and thematic progression
    6.1.1  Function Sentence Perspective
    6.1.2  Thematic structure
    6.1.3  Types of the theme
    6.1.4  Thematic progression (staging, thematisation)
    6.1.5  General rules of the thematization process
    6.1.6  Analysing the thematic progression of discourse
  6.2  Information structure
    6.2.1  Definition
    6.2.2  Realization of information structure in discourse
    6.2.3  Given-new strategy
    6.2.4  Topicalization and left-dislocation
    6.2.5  Topic continuity
  6.3  Conversational discourse structure
    6.3.1  Lesson
    6.3.2  Move
    6.3.3  Act
  6.4  Sample analysis
  6.5  Conversation analysis
    6.5.1  Transition relevance place: the recognizable end of a turnconstruction unit
    6.5.2  Turn-taking rules
    6.5.3  Conversational structure
    6.5.4  Superstructure of written discourse
    6.5.5  Systemic-functional approach to discourse structure: Generic Structure Potential(GSP)
    6.5.6  Story-Grammar approach to discourse structure
    6.5.7  Textual pattern
    6.5.8  Combination of approaches
Chapter 7  Critical Discourse Analysis
  7.1  Introduction
  7.2  Conceptual and theoretical frameworks
  7.3  Principles of CDA
  7.4  Research in CDA
    7.4.1  Gender inequality
    7.4.2  Media discourse
    7.4.3  Political discourse
    7.4.4  Ethnocentrism, anti-semitism, nationalism, and racism
    7.4.5  From group domination to professional and institutional power
  7.5  Methods of doing CDA
    7.5.1  What to be analysed?
    7.5.2  A three-dimensional method of discourse analysis
  7.6  CDA: From theory to Practice
    7.6.1  The grammar of transitivity
    7.6.2  The grammar of modality
    7.6.3  Transformations
    7.6.4  Classification
    7.6.5  Coherence, order and unity of discourse
References