全部商品分类

您现在的位置: 全部商品分类 > 语言.文字 > 语言文字 > 语言学

普通语言学教程(升级版)(英文版)/当代国外语言学与应用语言学文库

  • 定价: ¥45
  • ISBN:9787521329599
  • 开 本:16开 平装
  •  
  • 折扣:
  • 出版社:外语教研
  • 页数:236页
  • 作者:(瑞士)F.德·索绪...
  • 立即节省:
  • 2021-09-01 第1版
  • 2021-09-01 第1次印刷
我要买:
点击放图片

导语

  

内容提要

  

    《普通语言学教程》是现代语言学的奠基之作,集中体现了“现代语言学之父”索绪尔的语言学思想,文字自然流畅,内涵丰富深刻,不仅概述了语言学的历史、它与其他学科的关系、它的研究对象等,还从共时语言学、历时语言学、地理语言学的角度对语言符号、语言结构、语音演变、地理和语言差异等一系列问题展开了深入剖析,创造性地提出了一套语言研究理论和研究方法,为后来的语言学研究提供了发展方向。

目录

Translator's Introduction
Preface to the First Edition
Preface to the Second Edition
Preface to the Third Edition
INTRODUCTION
  CHAPTER Ⅰ. A brief survey of the history of linguistics
  CHAPTER Ⅱ. Data and aims of linguistics: connexions with related sciences
  CHAPTER Ⅲ. The object of study
    1.On defining a language
    2.Linguistic structure: its place among the facts of language
    3.Languages and their place in human affairs. Semiology
  CHAPTER Ⅳ. Linguistics of language structure and linguistics of speech
  CHAPTER Ⅴ. Internal and external elements of a language
  CHAPTER Ⅵ. Representation of a language by writing
    1.Why it is necessary to study this topic
    2.The prestige of writing: reasons for its ascendancy over the spoken word
    3.Systems of writing
    4.Causes of inconsistency between spelling and pronunciation
    5.Consequences of this inconsistency
  CHAPTER Ⅶ. Physiological phonetics
    1.Definition of the subject
    2.Transcription
    3.Writing as evidence
APPENDIX PRINCIPLES OF PHYSIOLOGICAL PHONETICS
  CHAPTER Ⅰ. Sound types
    1.On defining speech sounds
    2.The vocal apparatus and how it works
    3.Classification of sounds by oral articulation
  CHAPTER Ⅱ. Sounds in spoken sequences
    1.Necessity of studying sounds in spoken sequences
    2.Adduction and abduction
    3.Combinations of adduction and abduction in the spoken sequence
    4.Syllabic boundaries and vocalic peaks
    5.Criticism of theories of syllabification
    6.Duration of adduction and abduction
    7.Sounds of aperture 4. Diphthongs. Questions of spelling Editorial note
PART ONE GENERAL PRINCIPLES
  CHAPTER Ⅰ. Nature of the linguistic sign
    1.Sign, signification, signal
    2.First principle: the sign is arbitrary
    3.Second principle: linear character of the signal
  CHAPTER Ⅱ. Invariability and variability of the sign.
    1.Invariability
    2.Variability
  CHAPTER Ⅲ. Static linguistics and evolutionary linguistics.
    1.Internal duality of all sciences concerned with values
    2.Internal duality and the history of linguistics
    3.Examples of internal duality
    4.Difference between the two orders illustrated by comparisons
    5.Synchronic and diachronic linguistics: their methods and principles contrasted
    6.Synchronic laws and diachronic laws
    7.Is there a panchronic point of view?
    8.Consequences of the confusion of synchrony with diachrony
    9.Conclusions
PART TWO SYNCHRONIC LINGUISTICS
  CHAPTER Ⅰ. General observations
  CHAPTER Ⅱ. Concrete entities of a language.
    1.Entities and units. Definitions
    2.Method of delimitation
    3.Practical difficulties of delimitation
    4.Conclusion
  CHAPTER Ⅲ. Identities, realities, values.
  CHAPTER Ⅳ. Linguistic value.
    1.The language as thought organised in sound
    2.Linguistic value: conceptual aspects
    3.Linguistic value: material aspects
    4.The sign as a whole
  CHAPTER Ⅴ. Syntagmatic relations and associative relations.
    1.Definitions
    2.Syntagmatic relations
    3.Associative relations
  CHAPTER Ⅵ. The language mechanism.
    1.Syntagmatic interdependences
    2.Simultaneous functioning of both types of group
    3.Absolute arbitrariness and relative arbitrariness
  CHAPTER Ⅶ. Grammar and its subdivisions.
    1.Definitions. Traditional divisions
    2.Rational divisions
  CHAPTER VⅢ. Abstract entities in grammar
PART THREE DIACHRONIC LINGUISTICS
  CHAPTER Ⅰ. General observations
  CHAPTER Ⅱ. Sound changes.
    1.Their absolute regularity
    2.Conditioning of sound changes
    3.Methodological considerations
    4.Causes of sound change
    5.The scope of sound change is unpredictable
  CHAPTER Ⅲ. Grammatical consequences of phonetic evolution.
    1.Breaking grammatical links
    2.Obliteration of word-composition
    3.There are no phonetic doublets
    4.Alternation
    5.Laws of alternation
    6.Alternation and grammatical link
  CHAPTER Ⅳ. Analogy.
    1.Definition and examples
    2.Analogies are not changes
    3.Analogy as the creative principle in languages
  CHAPTER Ⅴ. Analogy and evolution.
    1.How an analogical innovation enters the language
    2.Analogical innovations as symptoms of changes in interpretation
    3.Analogy as a principle of renovation and conservation
  CHAPTER Ⅵ. Popular etymology
  CHAPTER Ⅶ. Agglutination.
    1.Definition
    2.Agglutination and analogy
  CHAPTER VⅢ. Diachronic units, identities and realities
  APPENDICES TO PARTS TWO AND THREE
    A.Subjective and Objective analysis
    B.Subjective analysis and determination of units smaller than the word
    C.Etymology
PART FOUR GEOGRAPHICAL LINGUISTICS
  CHAPTER Ⅰ. On the diversity of languages
  CHAPTER Ⅱ. Geographical diversity: its complexity.
    1.Coexistence of several languages in the same place
    2.Literary language and local dialect
  CHAPTER Ⅲ. Causes of geographical diversity.
    1.Time, the essential cause
    2.Linguistic areas affected by time
    3 Dialects have no natural boundaries
    4.Languages have no natural boundaries
  CHAPTER Ⅳ. Propagation of linguistic waves.
    1.Force of intercourse and parochialism
    2.A single principle underlying both forces
    3.Linguistic differentiation in separate areas
PART FIVE QUESTIONS OF RETROSPECTIVE LINGUISTICS CONCLUSION
  CHAPTER Ⅰ. The two perspectives of diachronic linguistics
  CHAPTER Ⅱ. Earliest lar, guages and prototypes
  CHAPTER Ⅲ. Reconstructions.
     1.Their nature and purpose
     2.Degree of certainty of reconstructions
  CHAPTER Ⅳ. Linguistic evidence in anthropology and prehistory.
     1.Languages and races
     2.Ethnicity
     3.Linguistic paleontology
     4.Linguistic types and group mentality
  CHAPTER Ⅴ. Language families and linguistic types
INDEX